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The energy projects funded under the EURAMET research programmes, EMRP and EMPIR, have brought together research groups from metrology institutes, academia, and industry to work collaboratively. These address some of the measurement challenges associated with a safe, secure, sustainable and affordable energy system while increasing the competitiveness of Europe's industries. The EMRP projects have been completed and highlights are available here.
Projects have been grouped into three main areas: energy generation and security, distribution and efficiency.
The European Union imports over half of its energy, with most of our electricity production coming from fossil fuels. As well as the environmental and financial issues that this creates, there is a potential that disruption could impact supply security. Binding EU targets are in place requiring that at least of 32 % of energy consumption to be from renewable sources by 2030 and that at least 14 % of transportation comes from biofuel by this date. However, to support greater diversity in the supply chain requires the development of the energy measurement infrastructure. The following projects covered this topic:
Improved classifications for solar cells to allow real world performance
Measurements to increase the lifespans of wind energy systems
Improved characterisation of biofuels and liquified energy gases
Better instrumentation to measure conventional fuels
The EU has set ambitious targets on the amount of energy to be produced from renewable sources by 2030. However traditional electricity networks often struggle to integrate power from renewable sources which can cause power surges that destabilise the electricity grid. To address this the energy distribution and transmission systems are being upgraded with the addition of new monitoring and control devices. These new instruments lack both the calibration standards required to validate their performance and the knowledge on how best to place these monitoring devices and secure them from cyberattacks. The following projects covered this topic:
The introduction of standards and traceable measurements for PMUs
Optimisation of PMU positioning within transmission networks
New, traceable current and sensing technologies for extended network monitoring
New or improved measurement methods for next generation power plants
EU member states need to make energy savings each year between 2021 and 2030 to meet energy efficiency targets. To do this will require improvements at all stages of the energy supply chain, from the way the energy is generated, how it is transported over the electricity grid to the amount consumed by electronic devices. However, any improvements in efficiency will require equal improvements in the measurement infrastructure to allow such things as the accurate monitoring of the electricity flow or to validate the performance claims of low-power consumption technologies. The following projects covered this topic:
Important control parameters in power plants to support more efficient operations
Traceable and validated methods to characterise new technologies
- Metrology for III-V materials based high efficiency multi-junction solar cells
- Traceable characterisation of thin-film materials for energy applications
Measurement challenges supporting a reduction of losses in HVDC transmission
The introduction of measurement standards for light-weight fibre reinforced plastic composite
New measurements and reference standards to support advances in LED technologies
New reference materials for energy harvesting technologies
On going EMPIR projects are addressing global metrological challenges associated with secure, clean and efficient energy.