Metrology for low-frequency sound and vibration

Short Name: Infra-AUV, Project Number: 19ENV03
Image showing a huge water fountain caused by a below surface explosion
Huge water fountain caused by a below surface explosion

Using low frequency environmental sound and vibration to detect natural disasters and nuclear explosions

Low frequency Acoustics, Underwater acoustics and Vibration (AUV) phenomena in air, water and ground are used to detect major natural events such as earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic activity. Low frequency AUV is also used by the International Monitoring System (IMS) to check compliance with the provisional Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. However, the majority of the frequency range used for this kind of sound and vibration monitoring are not covered by current measurement standards, limiting the reliability of data obtained. Monitoring stations are also often located in extreme environments posing additional challenges for assuring the accuracy of the sensors.


The project has developed new primary calibration methods for airborne and underwater acoustic, and vibration sensing systems down to frequencies below 0.1 Hz. Secondary calibration methods for working standards were also developed to enable traceability and reliability of sensors deployed in live environmental monitoring networks. Following the end of the project in 2023 these are expected to be incorporated in new international standards and aid more accurate and traceable measurements for both natural and man-made environmental events.

More information on this can be found on the projects website.


Project website
Other Participants
Acoustic Sensor Networks Limited (United Kingdom)
Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (Germany)
Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (France)