The quantum clocks & atomic sensors section of EMN-Q focuses on researching atom-based quantum sensors. Due to the fundamental atomic processes employed, they provide accuracy and long-term stability for quantities such as time, length, rf-fields, temperature, magnetic fields, gravity and rotation. They also enable nanometre-size sensing, massively parallel sensing and secondary sensing, which are used for opto-mechanics or electrical currents.
Atom-based sensors are key assets for addressing grand challenges and societal needs in several areas, such as monitoring climate variables and underground resources. They provide time, space and geodetic references, benefit geo- and space sciences and enable navigation.
Specific examples for applications of quantum clocks and atomic sensors include:
- Accurate EU frequency dissemination network
- Novel gravimeters and gyroscopes based on atom interferometers
- Certified time and time stamping distribution
- Compact, still highly accurate frequency references in the optical and microwave domain
- Quantum enhanced atomic sensors, e.g. by entanglement or quantum non-demolition measurement
Header image Quantum Clocks courtesy of INRiM.