Find all EURAMET Metrology Research Projects

Type
Field
Project Number
Short Name
Title
Short Description
Coordinator
Status
Call
iMERA-Plus Electricity and Magnetism T4.J07 EMF and SAR Traceable measurement of field strength and SAR for the Physical Agents Directive With respect to the exposure of workers to electromagnetic fields (EMF) a new directive made the provisions of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) a legal requirement across Europe. When starting the project existing standards within Europe did not give comprehensive coverage of the specific absorption rate and the incident power flux density over this range. Thorsten Schrader completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Electricity and Magnetism T4.J04 ULQHE Enabling ultimate metrological Quantum Hall Effect (QHE) devices Since 1990the Quantum Hall Effect (QHE) has been used as the primary reference for the electrical resistance. This physical phenomenon based on quantum electronic properties of a two dimensional conductor in presence of a high magnetic field allows the generation of an electrical resistance, the Hall resistance RH. Félicien Schopfer completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Electricity and Magnetism T4.J03 JOSY Next generation of quantum voltage systems for wide range applications The deployment of micro-electronic circuits for measurement and control applications in commercial devices and systems is ever increasing. Such control systems, in combination with state of the art sensors, have enabled large advances in both the performance and efficiency of mass-produced items. For example, electronic management systems in electrical motors have led directly to reduced energy consumption and, as a consequence, improved economy and reduced emissions to the atmosphere. Ralf Behr completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Electricity and Magnetism T4.J02 NanoSpin Nanomagnetism and Spintronics When starting the project in the field of nanomagnetism and spintronics, exciting new developments are under way in applications ranging from ultra strong magnets, spin polarized materials, ultra high density recording media, such as hard disks, flash memories/MRAM, spin transistors or spin-based qubits, leading to potential mass market products such as the instant boot computer, computer in a test tube and ubiquitous DNA- and bio-sensors. completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Electricity and Magnetism T4.J01 Power & Energy Next generation of power and energy measuring techniques Society demands electricity supplies that are secure, sustainable and of high quality. In the next decade, Europe is facing potential energy shortages as oil and gas supplies run down and nuclear power facilities age. Pressure to reduce the green house gas emissions will lead to a requirement for more renewable energy generation, efficient appliances, energy management and improved electricity distribution efficiencies. Commerce will demand an electricity supply of the highest quality, free from momentary voltage interruptions or interference sources. Paul Wright completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Length T3.J3.1 Long distance Absolute long distance measurement in air When starting the project, long-range measurements were performed with electronic distance measurement (EDM) instruments. One of the best of these instruments is Kern Mekometer ME5000 with a measurement range of 20 to 8000 m. Many of these instruments are still in use, but new instruments have not been available since the 1990's. They are based on the principle of measuring the phase shift of a modulation frequency along the path measurement. Jean-Pierre Wallerand completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Length T3.J2.2 NIMTech Metrology for New Industrial Measurement Technologies Large objects up to (3 x 3 x 3) m³ can be measured with classical coordinate measuring machines, larger objects can be measured using mobile measuring equipment, like laser trackers, laser radar or indoor GPS. When starting the project, the traceability of such measurements was still an open issue as a qualified statement of the task specific measurement uncertainty. Frank Härtig completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Length T3.J1.4 NANOTRACE New Traceability Routes for Nanometrology Dimensional measurements play a crucial role in almost every aspect of modern life where the role of nanotechnologies in Information and Communication Technology is growing. Today laser interferometers are the essential tool for metrology in semiconductor manufacturing where they are used for pattern placement measurements on photomasks and for position control in wafer scanners. The accuracy demands of dimensional measurements are rapidly growing. Marco Pisani completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Length T3.J1.1 Nanoparticles Traceable Characterisation of Nanoparticles Ever since the development of nanoparticles in the late 1960's and early 1970's they have been known to act as a bridge between atomic structures and bulk properties. This means they have potentially unique properties, for example as highly concentrated suspensions in the ink industry as drug delivery agents for the pharmaceutical industry, and in novel composite materials. Additional toxicological concerns require strict and well defined standards to be applied. Alexandre Cuenat completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Health T2.J10 TRACEBIOACTIVITY Traceable measurements for biospecies and ion activity in clinical chemistry Traceable measurement results in clinical chemistry are mandatory in Europe. Within this framework, measurement methods and materials are evaluated which can serve as the required higher order reference points and which are linked with the SI as closely as possible. Reference and test laboratories in Europe profit from this newly developed system in a fast and efficient way. Bernd Güttler completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Health T2.J07 EBCT External Beam Cancer Therapy In the European Union there are about 2.3 million cancer incidents every year. In terms of the number of deaths caused per year, cancer ranges second in the European mortality statistics. Given the massive extent of the cancer threat, decisive measures are required to improve cure rates. Ulrike Ankerhold completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Health T2.J06 Brachytherapy Increasing cancer treatment efficacy using 3D brachytherapy Brachytherapy (BT) is a radiotherapy technique in which small encapsulated radioactive sources are placed inside or in close proximity to the treatment volume, delivering a high dose to the tumour at small distances while sparing the surrounding tissue. About 100 000 patients per year are treated in the European area with BT (about 10% of radiotherapy treatments). Maria Pia Toni completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Health T2.J04 Regenmed Metrology on a cellular scale for regenerative medicine New and innovative forms of therapies, based on stem cells and tissue engineered medical products offer the hope of developing customizable implantable artificial tissue to overcome shortages of transplant organs and revolutionize injury and disease treatment. The project developed internationally accepted measurement technologies and standards to overcome major difficulties such as the scale up from lab to commercial scale production, predicting the long-term behaviour of products and satisfying regulators of the safety of the products. Paul Tomlins completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Health T2.J02 Breath analysis Breath analysis as a diagnostic tool for early disease detection Early disease detection is getting increased attention in the medical sector. In early stages, many diseases know little or no suffering at all, and the prospects of curing are much better. Early disease detection can literally mean the difference between life and death. Adriaan van der Veen completed 2007
iMERA-Plus Health T2.J.11 CLINBIOTRACE Traceability of Complex Biomolecules and Biomarkers in Diagnostics - Effecting Measurement Comparability in Clinical Medicine Stakeholders representing policy, diagnostic industry, academia and healthcare quality assessors, have highlighted the need for the further development of traceable reference measurement systems for complex biomolecules (e.g. disease state biomarkers and protein markers relevant for therapeutic intervention). Helen Parkes completed 2007
iMERA-Plus SI and Fundamental T1.J2.3 qu-Candela Candela: towards quantum-based photon standards Maria Luisa Rastello completed 2007
iMERA-Plus SI and Fundamental T1.J2.1 OCS Optical clocks for a new definition of the second completed 2007
iMERA-Plus SI and Fundamental T1.J1.4 Boltzmann constant Determination of the Boltzmann constant for the redefinition of the kelvin Joachim Fischer completed 2007
iMERA-Plus SI and Fundamental T1.J1.3 REUNIAM Foundations for a redefinition of the SI base unit ampere Franz Josef Ahlers completed 2007
iMERA-Plus SI and Fundamental T1.J1.2 NAH Avogadro and molar Planck constants for the redefinition of the kilogram Giovanni Mana completed 2007
271 result(s)