Case Studies

Page 1 of 3.
Six pictures showing a human brain scan. Three images in upper row showing black and white pictures of the brain and below these the corresponding EPT images in green with orange indicating tissue sub-types

Quantifying the uncertainty of Electric Properties Tomography in medical imaging

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a diagnostic, mainly qualitative, technique used to visualise the soft tissues of a patient. The application of a strong magnetic field causes the protons in a patient’s hydrogen atoms to align with it. Radiofrequency pulses are then used to force the protons to move out of and back into alig...

read more
Image showing that every measurement has a degree of uncertainty

Advancing the evaluation of measurement uncertainty

Measurements underpin almost all areas of modern life, including trade, industrial manufacture, environment and health. However, no measurement is perfect — factors such as the instrument type, operator, measurement method or the environment can affect the returned results. All these factors combine to produce a ‘measurement un...

read more
Image showing a shiny, wave of gold

Improving the measurement of gloss

The EU accounts for around 15 % of the world’s international trade in goods. Purchases are heavily influenced by conscious and subconscious visual cues which we relate as ‘quality’ in a product. A poor finish on a car, for example, may cause paint to develop an ‘orange peel’ look, eliciting a negative response in a buyer. This ...

read more
Consumer changing incandescent lamp with a new LED light bulb

New photometry standards for measurement of solid-state lighting products

Conventionally the calibration of photometric equipment was performed with tungsten filament standard lamps with the standard illuminant A spectrum, which was published by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) in 1931 and was originally designed for use with incandescent lighting products. However, incandescent co...

read more
The new IRG080 (Ionisation reference Gauge 080)Credit: INFICON

A highly reproducible ionisation gauge for high vacuum environments

Many high-end industrial production processes, including semiconductor and solar cell manufacturing, utilise high (10-1-10-5 Pa) and ultra-high (10-5-10-10 Pa) vacuums. Instrumentation used in these areas, such as residual gas analysers and quadrupole mass spectrometers, require accurate calibration with ionisation gauges (IG)....

read more
Onyx Terahertz research platform for bulk, thin films and 2D materials.

Developing high-throughput methods to characterise graphene

Graphene is a lattice of carbon only one atom thick. Despite being effectively two-dimensional (2D) it is the strongest material ever discovered with a tensile strength over 200 times stronger than structural steel. It also has the lowest room-temperature electrical resistivity of any known material and its high electron mobili...

read more
Page 1 of 3.
Element 1 Element 2 Element 3 Element 1 Element 1 Element 1 Element 1 Element 1 Logo-Footer