Case Studies

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Developing high-throughput methods to characterise graphene

Graphene is a lattice of carbon only one atom thick. Despite being effectively two-dimensional (2D) it is the strongest material ever discovered with a tensile strength over 200 times stronger than structural steel. It also has the lowest room-temperature electrical resistivity of any known material and its high electron mobili...

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A new standard in the field of small current measurements

Technological advances, such as low power devices, or micro and nanoelectronics in the semiconductor industry, have introduced the requirement for measurements of small currents of 1 nA and below. Measurements at this scale utilise instruments such as pico-ammeters which require accurate calibration, often in situ. To do this r...

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Transnational time transfer via fibre-optics

Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) have transformed the mobility, safety and security of people and goods. About 7% of the European economy benefits from GNSS applications, a market forecast to be worth €250 billion a year by 2022. Each GNSS satellite emits radio signals encoded with data about the time of transmission...

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Fibre-optic based wireless positioning

Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) have become an essential infrastructure, as citizens, industry and the sciences came to rely on its navigation and timing applications. Roughly 7 % of the EU economy benefits from GNSS applications, a market forecast to be worth €250 billion a year by 2022. However, with no backup inf...

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Expanding European capability in small-scale magnetic field measurements

Technology based on the ‘Hall effect’, which determines magnetic field strength by measuring the voltages induced by electric current, accounted for more than 50% of the €1.7 billion global market for magnetic sensors in 2019. Magnetic measurements are important to ensure the correct placement of batteries or device performance...

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Seeing the light

The European Commission has identified optics as a ‘key enabling technology’ essential for supporting a wide range of advanced research and cutting-edge technical industries. ICT and healthcare applications are amongst those requiring more sensitive light measurements as existing approaches reach their physical limits. Photodio...

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