Case Studies

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Standard to certify zero gas purity

The 2008 Air Quality Directive and related legislation measurably improved Europe’s air quality. For example, a 2018 analysis noted a 54 % reduction in early deaths due to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) pollution. Nonetheless, almost all Europeans remained exposed to polluted air, at the cost of 400,000 premature deaths a year in the E...

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New measurement capabilities to protect the marine environment

The EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) aims to protect vulnerable marine ecosystems by limiting underwater noise from man-made activity, such as shipping or construction work, which can adversely affect marine wildlife. The sources of greatest environmental concern radiate most of their sound energy in the low freque...

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Detecting contaminants in soil

Land reclaimation and redevelpment is converting old industrial sites for new uses such as housing. Ensuring that no lingering contamination remains and that any found is not redistributed to other locations is becoming increasingly important. Construction companies are required to conduct detailed soil analyses to identify pol...

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Nuclear incident alerts

Following a major nuclear incident, fast decisions are needed on issues from protecting the public to prevention of contaminated food entering the supply chain. Different radioactive isotopes, or radionuclides, present different risks. For example, radioactive iodine can accumulate in the thyroid gland, whilst caesium on grass ...

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Improving climate modelling accuracy

Observations of the Earth’s atmosphere, oceans and land from space are vital for climate studies. These are built into models used by climatologists to understand and predict how weather patterns are changing. International initiatives such as the Quality Assurance Framework for Earth Observation (QA4EO) are increasing this com...

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Improving inner city air quality

In our cities, small airborne soot particles form a serious health risk, generating an estimated 492,000 premature deaths per year from respiratory and cardiovascular problems in Europe. The EU’s Air Quality Directive requires Member States to limit exposure to these particles, many of which are produced by vehicle engines. Cit...

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