Case Studies

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Energy harvesting for greener transport

Harvesting waste heat from vehicles could reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Most major automotive companies are currently developing thermoelectric generators, which capture waste heat from a car’s exhaust and turn it into electricity. This harvested energy can be used to power a car’s electrical system, reducing the l...

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Faster solar cell product development

Multi-junction solar cells (MJSC) are made up of layered semiconductors that, together, absorb a wider range of solar energy than silicon alone. Higher energy conversion efficiencies for this type of cells are predicted, that, in time, may enable photovoltaics to become cost-competitive with conventional energy sources. Manufac...

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Improving power plant efficiency

One way to significantly increase plant efficiency is through better measurement of water temperature and flow rate. In nuclear power plants, water is taken in from natural sources (such as lakes and rivers) and pressurised and heated, before being converted into steam in the reactor vessel and used to generate electricity in t...

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Next-generation nuclear power

The next generation of nuclear reactors currently under development, known as Generation IV, will use a closed fuel cycle, where spent fuel is reprocessed and reused. This conserves natural resources, minimises nuclear waste and hinders nuclear proliferation. Generation IV reactors will operate at higher radiation levels and t...

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New sensors for the high voltage grid

The increased use of renewables is problematic for electrical networks as these sources of energy can cause harmonics, where the alternating current (AC) is distorted, leading to outages or degraded power quality. To address this, smart grids are being developed which can help stabilise a network by monitoring it in real-time a...

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A new calibration for current sensors

Europe aims to generate at least 32 % of energy from renewables by 2030 but traditional power networks find it difficult to incorporate these sources of energy which can be variable and bi-directional. This can produce harmonics that distort the AC current already flowing through the grid which compromises the power quality and...

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